Juneteenth (officially Juneteenth National Independence Day) is a national federal holiday commemorating the emancipation of enslaved African-Americans, also known as Jubilee Day, Emancipation Day, Freedom Day, and Black Independence Day. It is often observed in celebration of African-American culture as well. Originating in Galveston, TX, it has been celebrated annually on June 19 in various parts of the United States since 1865. The day was recognized as a federal holiday on June 17, 2021, when PresidentJoe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law. Juneteenth’s commemoration is on the anniversary date of the June 19, 1865 announcement of General Order No. 3 by Union Army general Gordon Granger, proclaiming freedom for enslaved people in Texas, which was the last state of the Confederacy with institutional slavery.